Glossary

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See also:

Matisse Enzer's Glossary of Internet Terms

Speeds and Feeds Table from WhatIs

 

The following glossary is provided courtesy of the Computer Systems Policy Project:

Analog Mobile Wireless:

Voice and data services that are transmitted over networks using analog protocols to people using wireless devices that do not require staying at a fixed location.

Bandwidth:

The capacity of a transmission channel to move data among locations.

Cable:

Cable TV network comprised of fiber and/or coaxial cable. Modern cable networks can use cable modems to enable two-way high-speed Internet access.

Connectedness:

The measure of how well connected to the Internet a person is.

DSL:

Digital Subscriber Line service provides high speed Internet access over traditional copper telephone infrastructure and is usually available only to locations within 18,000 wire feet of a local exchange carrier's central office.

Dial-up Internet access:

Obtaining connectivity to the Internet by using a modem and standard telephone line to connect to an Internet Service Provider or other provider of Internet service. Maximum access speed is 56kbps.

Digital Signature:

An authentication process using encryption to ensure that a communication that has been received has not been tampered with.

Firewalls:

A software process for protecting undesired access to a network or access device.

Fixed Wireless:

Service that is provided wirelessly to a device that is located in a single place and not mobile.

High-speed Access:

Access to the Internet at transmission speeds greater than 128kbps.

Informational Websites:

Websites that only present information and do not allow for any interactivity or transactions.

Interactive Websites:

Websites that enable real-time communication and/or transactions between the user and the website.

ISP:

Internet Service Provider. A company or organization that provides a user with a connection to the Internet.

Kbps:

Kilo bits per second. A measurement of the rate of speed that data is being transferred. 1Kbps equals 1,000 bits per second.

Mobile Digital Wireless:

Voice and data services that are transmitted over networks using digital protocols to people using wireless devices that do not require staying at a fixed location.

Network Infrastructure:

The physical plant of wires, switches, routers, hubs, satellites, broadcast towers, dishes, and other hardware that allow communications signals to be delivered across networks.

Portal:

A website that aggregates content and provides a methodology for accessing that content.

Privacy Policy:

The stated methodology used by a website for handling information collected on users of that website.

Public ports:

Publicly available data jacks where people can plug in their access devices to connect to the Internet.

T1:

A dedicated connection providing transmission capacity at up to 1.54 Mbps.

Telecommuting:

Using networked technologies to perform work-related activities away from the office or business using information and communication technologies.

Terminals:

Access devices that enable the user to view web pages and transmit e-mail.

Transactional Websites:

Websites that enable the user to order and pay for goods and services online. Digitized goods and services can also be delivered online.

Virus Software:

Programs that protect a computer or access device from being infected with software viruses that can destroy and/or alter data, applications, and systems.

 
Copyright 2005 Connected Communitiessm
Last modified: December 31, 2004